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Can cognitive-behavioral therapy lessen fibromyalgia pain?

Written by | 21 Sep 2023 | Pain

In a recent randomized clinical trial of patients with fibromyalgia, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)—which uses structured techniques to alter distorted thoughts and negative moods—was superior to a matched education treatment in reducing the interfering effects of pain and other aspects of fibromyalgia on daily living.

Within the group that received CBT in the trial, which is published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, improvements were at least partly attributable to reductions in what’s known as catastrophizing, a state comprised of cognitive and emotional processes such as helplessness, rumination, and magnification of pain complaints.

Neuroimaging tests indicated that CBT exerts these effects by altering the connectivity of specific regions of the brain. Therefore, changes in the brain circuitry underlying pain catastrophizing may underpin CBT’s benefits for patients with fibromyalgia, a condition characterized by function-impairing symptoms such as widespread pain, fatigue, cognitive difficulties, and psychosocial distress.

“These findings contribute to a growing literature highlighting the benefits of non-pharmacologic treatments—including CBT—for chronic pain conditions such as fibromyalgia,” said corresponding author Jeungchan Lee, PhD, of Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and Harvard Medical School. “Identifying the multiple biopsychosocial mechanisms by which these treatments help to alleviate pain may help to facilitate the practice of precision pain medicine and improve treatment outcomes for the many patients suffering from chronic pain.”

URL upon publication: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.42672

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